The island of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea, south of the United States and east of Mexico. It is the largest island in the Caribbean, with a total area of approximately 110,860 square kilometers (42,804 square miles). Cuba is known for its unique culture, beautiful beaches, vibrant music and dance, and historic architecture. It is also famous for its cigars, rum, and classic cars. The capital and largest city of Cuba is Havana. The official language is Spanish, and the currency is the Cuban peso. The island has a rich history, with influences from indigenous peoples, Spanish colonization, African slaves, and various other immigrant groups.